A small but influential group of economists and educators is pushing another pathway: for some students, no college at all. It’s time, they say, to develop credible alternatives for students unlikely to be successful pursuing a higher degree, or who may not be ready to do so.
Among those calling for such alternatives are the economists Richard K. Vedder of Ohio University and Robert I. Lerman of American University, the political scientist Charles Murray, and James E. Rosenbaum, an education professor at Northwestern. They would steer some students toward intensive, short-term vocational and career training, through expanded high school programs and corporate apprenticeships.
Lerman is a particular fan of on-the-job apprenticeships like one program at the pharmacy chain CVS in which, according to the article, “aspiring pharmacists’ assistants work as apprentices in hundreds of stores, with many going on to study to become full-fledged pharmacists themselves.” A lot of this sort of training doesn’t really require people to go to traditional college.
But despite the apparent benefits of these programs, effective vocational training is hard to find. Steinberg attributes this, at least in part, to “the push for national education standards,” standards that do often seem to be standards for college.
But somehow, no matter what the economy looks like, and no matter how much America needs vocational training, the college applications just keep coming. An earlier article by the same author indicates that college applications are still up. This appears to be because there just aren’t good alternatives to college yet.