A recent report from Public Agenda, With Their Whole Lives Ahead of Them: Myths and Realities About Why So Many Students Fail to Finish College, looks at college dropouts. Without being overly simplistic here, the report indicates that students do not, as a rule, drop out of college because college is too hard. Students drop out of college because college is too expensive.
People often say that low intellectual ability or poor work ethic are the reasons students drop out of college. David Brooks, for instance, wrote in the New York Times in July that:
Lack of student aid is not the major reason students drop out of college. They drop out because they are academically unprepared or emotionally disengaged or because they lack self-discipline or because bad things are happening at home. Affordability is way down the list. You can increase student aid a ton and you still won’t have a huge effect on college completion.
But the Public Agenda report, first in a series of three, indicates that the reality is that students leave college mostly because they’re attempting to support themselves by working while going to school, which doesn’t work very well: “Most students leave college because they are working to support themselves and going to school at the same time. At some point, the stress of work and study just becomes too difficult.”
The report explains that cost reduction and financial aid changes would be very beneficial to “nearly all college students.” Of students surveyed, 25 percent of students who left college and 40 percent of people who earned a degree say that the best thing that could happen would be reducing the cost of college by one quarter. Instituting that suggestion would reduce the price of the average public, four-year school to $5,265 a year.