Why does a typical bus driver in the U.S. earn a monthly income (after taxes) of $1,594, while a typical bus driver in Peru earns $325?
Why does an American airline pilot bring home $4,206 a month, while a Lithuanian doing what we hope is pretty much the same job with the same training has an average salary of only $1,674?
Well, the explanation is obvious, isn’t it? These foreigners just aren’t as smart as we Americans are, and they don’t work as hard. Because if they did — as Mitt Romney was just explaining in Israel — they would be as successful as we are. And that’s pretty darned successful. And they aren’t.
Romney, the presumptive Republican presidential nominee, worries that Americans are losing their appreciation of success, as evidenced by President Barack Obama’s desire to reduce the rewards of success by raising taxes on high incomes. Romney sees in this not just a bigger tax bill for successful people but an insult as well. An alternative perspective is that any successful person who feels personally insulted by a request from the president to share a bit of it is, in the immortal words of Liberace, “crying all the way to the bank” (or, to quote someone else, a “master of the fancied slight”).
You might also ask yourself: If Obama is insulting successful people by suggesting that their success doesn’t necessarily result entirely from their own hard work and brainpower, doesn’t that mean that Romney is insulting the vast majority of folks who are unsuccessful (by Romney’s exalted standard) by implying that they are lazy and stupid? If your success is entirely your own achievement, then your lack of success is entirely your own fault.
How would Romney explain the fact that the average monthly salary of a baker in the U.S. is $1,461, whereas in Romania it’s $276. Is the bread in this country so much better than bread elsewhere? Not in my experience. (These figures, from worldsalaries.org, use 2005 dollars, adjusted for the actual purchasing power of various currencies.) Furthermore, consider those countries where many occupations are paid better than in the U.S. A baker in Australia has an average income of $1,865 a month. A German airline pilot earns $8,448. How can this be? Can there be countries where people are smarter and harder-working than in the United States of America? The Romney theory of success allows for no other explanation.
In recent days, Republicans have been beating Obama about the head over his “you didn’t build that” remark, with which he suggested that successful people didn’t get where they got on their own. Many of my colleagues in the commentariat, and some Democratic politicians on the stump (most notably the U.S. Senate candidate Elizabeth Warren in Massachusetts) have pointed to all the ways in which any citizen’s personal success is aided by government. Highways, education, medical research, etc. It’s all true.
The argument makes me a bit nervous, though, because it is often invoked to justify government spending that ought to either stand on its own feet or be eliminated. Sample argument: We ought to subsidize passenger trains because we subsidize buses through maintaining the Interstate Highway System and airlines in various ways. Or, farm price supports, which started with the New Deal, must be maintained because sometime around 1952 they stopped being a notorious boondoggle and blossomed into an honorable tradition. And so on.
However, as the international comparisons demonstrate, you don’t have to favor any particular form of government spending in order to reject the notion that a person’s success is, and in a capitalist system should be, built entirely on his or her own efforts. The main societal subsidy to your neighborhood success story — the reason an American hotel chambermaid (of either sex) supports a family on a median salary of $1,251 a month, but a Brazilian must do it for $332 — is the privilege of working in a prosperous country.
That prosperity is the compounded result of previous prosperity. Somewhere back there, it may be credited to somebody’s hard work and special talent. But it’s not anybody alive today. (And why talent, as opposed to work, deserves special reward is a good question for another time.)
The only way the most brilliant and/or hard-working butcher or baker or candlestick maker in most of the rest of the world can enjoy an income like that of his or her U.S. counterpart is to move here. And we know how much that idea excites Romney and the Republicans.
And what about the inventor or the entrepreneur? The candlestick maker who discovers a better way to make candles — or a way to dispense with candles completely? Perhaps by inventing the electric light bulb? Even in proposing to raise their taxes a bit, Obama loses no opportunity to praise these godlike creatures. Romney, as one himself, can barely contain his enthusiasm for the very successful, whatever the basis for their success. They’re not all entrepreneurs, and even the entrepreneurs owe some large chunk of their success to those who have gone before, like Thomas Edison. They don’t need more tax breaks. If anything is its own reward, it’s success.