Anne-Marie Slaughter and Ben Scott co-authored this piece. Anne-Marie Slaughter is president and CEO of New America and the author, most recently, of Unfinished Business: Women Men Work Family. From 2009 to 2011 she served as director of policy planning for the U.S. Department of State. Ben Scott is a senior adviser to the Open Technology Institute at New America and the Stiftung Neue Verantwortung in Berlin. Previously, he was a policy adviser for innovation at the U.S. Department of State.